Understanding Acid Peptic Disease Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

  • Understanding Acid Peptic Disease Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

    by Prasidh Hospital

    Acid peptic disease, commonly known as acid reflux or heartburn, is a prevalent condition that affects people of all ages. Characterized by a burning sensation in the chest and an acidic taste in the mouth, this condition can significantly impact daily life. In this blog, we'll explore the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for acid peptic disease to provide a comprehensive understanding of this prevalent digestive issue.

    Symptoms of Acid Peptic Disease:


    The hallmark symptom of acid peptic disease is heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest that often occurs after eating or when lying down. This discomfort can extend to the throat and may be accompanied by regurgitation of acidic stomach contents.


    Regurgitation is the involuntary flow of stomach acid into the esophagus, leading to a sour or bitter taste in the mouth. It often follows a bout of heartburn and can contribute to bad breath.

    Difficulty Swallowing:

    Over time, acid peptic disease can lead to the development of strictures or narrowing of the esophagus. This can result in difficulty swallowing, a condition known as dysphagia.

    Chest Pain:

    The chest pain associated with acid peptic disease can be intense, mimicking the symptoms of a heart attack. It's essential to differentiate between the two and seek medical attention if there is any doubt.

    Chronic Cough:

    Some individuals with acid reflux may experience a persistent cough that is often worse at night. This cough is caused by the irritation of the airways due to stomach acid.

    Causes of Acid Peptic Disease:

    Weak Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES):

    The LES is a muscular ring that separates the esophagus from the stomach. When it weakens or relaxes inappropriately, stomach acid can flow back into the esophagus, causing acid reflux.

    Hiatal Hernia:

    A hiatal hernia occurs when a portion of the stomach protrudes into the diaphragm. This displacement can contribute to the weakening of the LES and increase the risk of acid reflux.

    Dietary Factors:

    Certain foods and beverages can trigger or worsen acid reflux. Common culprits include spicy foods, citrus fruits, chocolate, caffeine, and fatty or fried foods.


    Excess weight, especially around the abdominal area, can put pressure on the stomach, leading to the displacement of stomach contents into the esophagus.


    Pregnancy can exert pressure on the abdominal cavity, pushing stomach acid into the esophagus. Hormonal changes during pregnancy also contribute to the relaxation of the LES.

    Treatment Options for Acid Peptic Disease:

    Lifestyle Modifications:

    Making certain lifestyle changes can help manage acid peptic disease. These include maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding trigger foods, eating smaller meals, and refraining from lying down immediately after eating.


    Over-the-counter antacids can provide temporary relief by neutralizing stomach acid. H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are prescription medications that reduce the production of stomach acid, offering longer-lasting relief.

    Elevating the Head of the Bed:

    Raising the head of the bed by about 6 to 8 inches can help prevent stomach acid from flowing into the esophagus during sleep.

    Surgical Intervention:

    In severe cases or when other treatments are ineffective, surgical options may be considered. Fundoplication is a procedure in which the top of the stomach is wrapped around the lower esophagus to strengthen the LES.

    Avoiding Triggers:

    Identifying and avoiding specific foods and beverages that trigger acid reflux can significantly reduce symptoms. Keeping a food diary may help pinpoint individual triggers.

    Acid peptic disease is a common digestive disorder that can significantly impact the quality of life. Understanding its symptoms, causes, and treatment options is essential for effective management. By adopting lifestyle modifications, utilizing medications, and, in some cases, considering surgical interventions, individuals with acid peptic disease can find relief and enjoy a better quality of life. If you suspect you are experiencing symptoms of acid reflux, it's crucial to consult with Prasidh Hospital

    professional for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. Taking proactive steps with Prasidh Hospital to manage acid peptic disease can lead to improved digestive health and a more comfortable, symptom-free life.




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