kidney health and diabetes
Have you ever wondered what happens to the water, beverages, or other fluids we consume?
Have you ever felt inquisitive about how we urinate? Why is it in a liquid state? Why does its color change as per our diet, medication, and amount of liquid intake?
Have you ever asked anyone, what would happen if we don’t urinate? Or often hold urine longer?
These might be some interesting questions to know about if you don’t know the Kidney, its functions, and its importance.
Here is some brief information about Kidneys. These are bean-shaped, fist-sized organs, that exist as a couple on either side of the spine just below the ribcage. Kidney tissue is formed by the collective basic units of cells called Nephrons. These are responsible for the filtration and retention of essential nutrients and excretion of wastage from the body as urine.
In the long run, diabetes which is not regulated properly would cause damage to those blood vessels of the kidney that purify the blood by filtering waste from it. Hence, the kidney will be damaged and blood pressure will be increased. The filtering system of the kidneys is sensitive and will be further damaged if the blood pressure increases affecting the kidneys again. This happens in diabetic nephropathy.
Risk factors to increase Diabetic nephropathy:
- Unregulated high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
- Unregulated high blood pressure (hypertension)
- Smoking tobacco or others
- High blood cholesterol
- Obesity and overweight
- A history of diabetes and kidney disease in the family
Complications included with diabetic nephropathy:
- Swollen arms and legs, high blood pressure, and fluid-filled lungs (pulmonary edema) are the results of fluid retention
- Increased potassium levels in the blood (hyperkalemia)
- Chances of stroke which is a result of Heart and blood vessel disease (cardiovascular disease)
- Back of the eye is a light-sensitive tissue that might be damaged causing diabetic retinopathy
- Decreased number of RBCs to circulate oxygen (anemia)
- Damaged nerves and damaged blood vessels result in foot sores, erectile dysfunction, diarrhea, and other problems
- Imbalance of kidneys to maintain calcium and phosphorous leading to bone and mineral disorders
- Fetus might be underdeveloped and other pregnancy complications that carry risks for the mother
- Finally leading to Kidney failure or transplant, leading to Dialysis which is only performed after the irreversible kidney damage
Maintaining a healthy kidney can be fruitful for health in the long run. Here are some of the most important aspects of a healthy kidney:
- Kidneys regulate pH (acidic levels), salt, and potassium levels in your body.
- They are also responsible for releasing hormones that control Blood pressure and RBC production.
- Kidneys help in the absorption of Calcium for building bones and in regulating muscle function with the help of activating a vitamin D factor.
Here are some tips to maintain a healthy Kidney:
- It is important to be hydrated all through the day with at least 2-3 liters per day.
- Maintain a healthy, nutrient-rich diet that is good for the kidneys. For example, beans, saturated trans fats such as almonds, walnuts, millets
- Detoxifying drinks help the kidneys clear out the clutter in them.
- Preventing diabetes i.e., avoiding sugars can help you with the decongestion in the kidneys leading to preventing any UTI.
- Managing Blood pressure effectively will have a healthy Glomerular Filtration Rate symbolizing a healthy kidney.
- Never hold urine for a longer time. This bacteria in the urine infects the surrounding tissues leading to Urinary Tract Infection. Holding might also lead to bladder distension causing other side effects.
- To maintain a healthy kidney, a person should have at least 7-8 hours of sound sleep during the night.
- Maintain your body’s physique and posture through mild exercises such as Yoga (Pranayama)
- Cycling or swimming can also help enormously, in maintaining the health of the kidney.
- Having a fresh cup of wheatgrass powdered juice can demystify the kidney’s illnesses
- Staying away from the habits that risk kidney health such as smoking, and uncontrolled alcoholism can have a more significant impact.
- Check the body’s vital signs such as BP, diabetic readings, and Complete Blood Picture, the weight of the body. Always remember that your weight has a direct connection with the function of your kidneys.
- Don’t rely on excessive medication for even small inflammatory responses of your body such as pain killers for headaches, or antipyretic pills for fevers. If such responses persist then it is wise to consult a doctor.