Joint Replacement Surgery: What to Expect and How to Prepare

  • Joint Replacement Surgery: What to Expect and How to Prepare

    by Prasidh Hospital


    Joint replacement surgery at Prasidh Hospitals is a transformative solution for those enduring chronic joint pain and limited mobility. Our commitment to comprehensive care ensures patients receive support at every stage. In this blog, we'll detail the process of joint replacement surgery from preparation to recovery, offering crucial insights and tips. Chronic joint conditions like osteoarthritis profoundly affect daily life, making simple tasks challenging.

    We aim to restore function and alleviate pain, empowering patients to regain independence. Our orthopaedic specialists prioritize patient education and personalized treatment plans, ensuring optimal outcomes. From initial consultation to post-operative rehabilitation, we provide guidance and support. This blog serves as a beacon of hope, equipping individuals with knowledge and confidence as they embark on their path to joint health and vitality.

    Understanding Joint Replacement Surgery:

    Joint replacement surgery, known as arthroplasty, involves removing damaged or diseased parts of a joint and replacing them with artificial implants made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. This procedure is commonly performed on joints such as the hip, knee, and shoulder to alleviate pain, improve mobility, and enhance quality of life.

    Preparing for Surgery:

    Consultation and Evaluation:

    Schedule an initial consultation with your orthopaedic surgeon at Prasidh Hospitals.

    Undergo a comprehensive evaluation, including medical history review, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as X-rays and blood tests.

    Discuss any pre-existing medical conditions, medications, and allergies with your healthcare team.

    Pre-operative Instructions:

    Follow your surgeon's instructions regarding medication management, including any medications to discontinue or adjust before surgery.

    Adhere to fasting guidelines provided by your healthcare team, typically requiring you to refrain from eating or drinking anything after midnight before your surgery.

    Preparing Your Home:

    Make necessary arrangements for your post-operative recovery, including setting up a comfortable and accessible recovery area at home.

    Arrange for assistance with household tasks and activities of daily living during the initial recovery period.

    Pre-operative Education:

    Attend pre-operative education sessions or consultations to learn about what to expect before, during, and after surgery.

    Familiarize yourself with the surgical procedure, potential risks and complications, and strategies for optimizing recovery.

    The Surgical Procedure:

    Admission and Preparation:

    Arrive at Prasidh Hospitals on the day of your surgery and check in at the admissions desk.

    Meet with your surgical team, including your orthopaedic surgeon, anaesthesiologist, and nursing staff, to review the surgical plan and address any last-minute queries.

    Anaesthesia Administration:

    Receive anaesthesia, either general anaesthesia or regional anaesthesia, depending on your surgeon's recommendation and your medical history.

    Anaesthesia ensures you are comfortable and pain-free during the surgery.

    Surgical Technique:

    Your surgeon will make an incision over the affected joint, providing access to the damaged joint components.

    It is necessary to remove the damaged cartilage and bone before carefully placing prosthetic components to restore proper joint function and stability.

    Surgical techniques may vary depending on the type of joint replacement surgery performed, such as total hip replacement, total knee replacement, or shoulder replacement.

    Closure and Recovery:

    Once the prosthetic components are securely implanted, your surgeon will close the incision with sutures or staples.

    After the operation, you will be taken to the recovery area, where the nursing staff will keep a close eye on you as you wake up from anaesthesia.

    Recovery and Rehabilitation:

    Immediate Post-operative Care:

    It is natural for you to feel dazed or uncomfortable when you wake up from anaesthesia.

    Pain management techniques, including medication and ice therapy, will be initiated to alleviate discomfort.

    Begin gentle range of motion exercises as directed by your healthcare team to promote circulation and prevent stiffness.

    Hospital Stay:

    Remain in the hospital for a few days following surgery to receive personalised care and support from our medical team.

    Participate in physical therapy sessions to gradually regain strength, flexibility, and mobility in the operated joint.

    Transition to Home:

    Upon discharge from the hospital, you will receive detailed instructions for home care and follow-up appointments.

    Arrange for transportation home and assistance with activities of daily living during the initial recovery period.

    Outpatient Rehabilitation:

    Continue physical therapy and rehabilitation exercises on an outpatient basis to further progress your recovery and optimise joint function.

    Attend scheduled follow-up appointments with your orthopaedic surgeon to monitor your progress and address concerns.

    Post-Surgery Care:

    Wound Care:

    Keep the surgical incision clean and dry, following your surgeon's instructions for wound care and dressing changes.

    Monitor the incision site for signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or drainage, and notify your surgeon if you experience any concerning symptoms.

    Pain Management:

    Take prescribed pain medications as per your healthcare team to manage discomfort and promote healing.

    Use ice packs or cold therapy as needed to reduce swelling and inflammation in the operated joint.

    Activity Modification:

    Follow your surgeon's recommendations regarding activity restrictions and limitations during the early stages of recovery.

    Avoid high-impact activities and heavy lifting until cleared by your healthcare team to prevent injury to the newly replaced joint.

    Nutrition and Hydration:

    Maintain a balanced diet rich in nutrients and hydration to support healing and recovery.

    Stay hydrated and consume foods high in protein, vitamins, and minerals to promote tissue repair and strengthen muscles and bones.

    Life after Joint Replacement:

    Gradual Return to Activities:

    Gradually resume activities of daily living and light exercises as tolerated, increasing intensity and duration over time.

    Incorporate low-impact exercises such as walking, swimming, and cycling to maintain joint mobility and overall fitness.

    Long-Term Joint Care:

    Attend regular follow-up appointments with your orthopaedic surgeon to monitor the function and longevity of the prosthetic joint.

    Follow recommended precautions and lifestyle modifications to protect the replaced joint and minimise the risk of complications.

    Enjoying Improved Quality of Life:

    Experience the benefits of joint replacement surgery, including reduced pain, improved mobility, and enhanced quality of life.

    Engage in activities and hobbies that were once limited by joint pain, and enjoy a more active and fulfilling lifestyle.

    Support and Resources:

    Seek support from family, friends, and healthcare professionals as you navigate the challenges and triumphs of life after joint replacement.

    Stay informed about advances in joint replacement technology and techniques to ensure ongoing success and satisfaction with your joint replacement surgery.


    At Prasidh Hospitals, we commit to providing compassionate care and comprehensive support to patients undergoing joint replacement surgery. Our experienced team helps patients achieve optimal outcomes and regain mobility and independence after surgery.

    If you or someone you care about is thinking about getting joint replacement surgery, we strongly advise you to set up a meeting with our orthopaedic specialists to discuss your choices and begin the path to a life without pain.

Recent Posts

Copyright © Prasidh rights reserved.